Reducing costs for juvenile justice system: "The evidence of the substantial economic benefits of these prevention programs, coupled with the proof of their impact on delinquency and crime prevention, comes at a critical time. The cost of Pennsylvania's criminal and juvenile justice system is increasing dramatically, and the state is currently facing a corrections crisis, with county jails and state prisons operating well-over capacity . . . increased support for effective prevention programs throughout Pennsylvania could generate reductions in both youth and adult corrections populations and save the Commonwealth millions of dollars."
Substantial return on investment: When they looked at Life Skills Training they found that "The unusually low program cost and wide reach, combined with high effectiveness, results in a return on investment of over $25 (per dollar invested)."
Community Mobilization for Coalitions webinar
Thursday, May 21, 12:00 p.m. Pacific Time
This webinar is meant to provide participants with step-by-step information on mobilizing neighborhoods and practical tips and tools to help coalitions communicate effectively with diverse audiences. Participants will learn:
-- the different forms of advocacy;
-- why it's important to research the issue and build capacity for specific strategies to be implemented;
-- how to recruit allies;
-- about different campaigns that coalitions may use in their communities.
To register, click here.
In our state, tobacco prevention strategies have successfully decreased smoking rates. In six years, the TPCP has
1) reduced the number of kids smoking by 65,000 (50%) and
2) saved $2.1 billion in future healthcare costs.
The TPCP shows that prevention does indeed work!
Not only is this document useful for sharing with policy-makers, it provides good information about why what the NE Seattle coalition is doing is important. It provides data to support
-- the fact that prevention programs reduce economic and medical costs associated with substance abuse;
-- the multi-sector approach (coalitions) to prevention;
-- the need for comprehensive strategies.
If you want a synopsis of national data regarding substance abuse, prevention, and associated problems, this is a great source.
From my understanding, the statistics used in this FAX do not include alcohol as a drug.
Parents have the greatest affect on a young person's decision to use marijuana during early adolescence. After age 15, youth tend to base the decision more on peer influence.This research, published in Substance Use & Misuse indicates that parents must reach young people before age 13 to increase the likelihood that the youth will choose against initiating marijuana use.
It goes on to suggest the following ways to prevent youth marijuana use:
- Implement parenting programs and education earlier -- while parents have a child in pre to early adolescence.
- Target prevention efforts at reducing the initiation of alcohol and cigarette use among adolescents of all ages.
- Work with schools and families and other community members more closely on fostering environments where young people are less likely to be offered marijuana by peers and others.
Children's Knowledge/Opinions May Predict Youth Alcohol/Tobacco Use -- a particularly good one for our community since one of our main risk factors is "intention to use" alcohol;
Promoting Youth-Adult Partnerships in Coalition Decisionmaking;
A Community Systems Approach -- Greater and More Sustainable Impact through Policy;
Going Beyond Program Implementation -- Issues to Consider When Institutionalizing an Evidence-Based Prevention Program.
" . . . laws targeting the purchase and possession of alcohol by youth, including use-and-lose laws that allow the suspension of a driver's license for any underage alcohol violation and zero-tolerance laws that make it illegal for young people to drive with any amount of alcohol in their system."
Later in the article it states:
"The culture and drinking habits in which a young person was reared also affected the incidence of drinking and driving fatalities, the researchers said."
"We found a direct relationship between beer consumption per capita between drinking and driving accidents," Fell said. "We'd like to have underage beer drinking per capita, but that information isn't available."
A study of adolescent binge drinkers has found that even relatively infrequent exposure to large amounts of alcohol during the teen years may compromise the integrity of the brain’s white matter, which is critical for the efficient relay of information within the brain. The preliminary findings – to be published online in advance of the July issue of the journal Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research – indicate that binge drinking may be detrimental to the developing adolescent brain.
Monday, April 27, 2009
12:45 - 2:15 p.m.
Eckstein Middle School, P10
Meetings are open to everyone concerned about underage drinking in our community!
Over the past few years, SP Mart has been caught selling alcohol to minors multiple times by both Seattle Police and the Liquor Control Board. Earlier today, I was told that they were caught selling to minors again last Friday, despite being notified that their liquor license is in jeopardy.
On February 6, I blogged about a study that shows that drinking rates are higher among 12 - 17 year-olds who live within a half-mile of an alcohol outlet and those teenagers are more likely to binge drink and engage in drunk driving. Reducing the access minors have to alcohol in our community is an important part of the multiple prevention strategies our coalition is implementing.
-- a section about regulating commercial speech and the first amendment;
-- a checklist for drafting laws;
-- examples of restrictions;
-- model language for current laws;
-- current laws regarding alcohol advertising;
If you're interested in knowing how Washington's beer taxes compare to those in other states, here is a link that compares tax rates for beer, cigarettes, sales, and gas: http://articles.moneycentral.msn.com/Taxes/Advice/TheBestAndWorstStatesForTaxes.aspx.
In the northwest, Oregon is considering increasing beer taxes. Click here for a link to their bill.
Flavored alcoholic beverages -- dubbed alcopops -- contribute to underage drinking and should carry warning labels, say many American adults who took part in a new national survey.
"Alcopops are sweet drinks made to taste like cola or soda pop or punch or lemonade. Typically, alcopops have between 5 and 8 percent alcohol content, which is a little bit more than most beers, and they're marketed to look like familiar drinks to kids," Dr. Matthew Davis, director of the C.S. Mott Children's Hospital National Poll on Children's Health, said in a news release.
The survey of 2,100 adults, ages 21 and older, found that 52 percent believe alcopops definitely or probably encourage underage drinking, and that 92 percent strongly support the use of warning labels on alcopops. Most of the respondents also favor greater restrictions on alcopop advertising that focuses on youth.
"We also found in this poll that about 75 percent of adults in the United States are concerned underage drinking is a problem," Davis said.
In the past three years, the UC Davis Medical Center in Sacramento saw a 30 percent increase in children between 12 and 17 coming to the ER with injuries from binge drinking. And they had higher blood alcohol levels than in the past. Emergency departments across the country say they're seeing the same thing.
These findings seem to contradict Monitoring the Future, a self-reported survey that is considered the gold standard for tracking risky behavior in teens.
Lloyd Johnston, a principal investigator with Monitoring the Future, oversees the questionnaire that asks kids about their drinking habits. He says the survey is not seeing more kids drinking. In fact, his study has found fewer kids drinking over the past eight or 10 years.
Still, Johnston says there could be a reason for the conflicting reports: "It could be still that among those who drink, there's more extreme forms of drinking, and they're more likely to end up in the emergency room."
That hypothesis rings true with the Drug Abuse Warning Network, or DAWN, which is part of the federal Department of Health and Human Services. The data-collection network tracks emergency room visits for teen binge drinking.
DAWN surveyed 12 metropolitan areas over the past couple of years. Four of those areas saw a significant increase in ER visits due to teen binge drinking from 2004 to 2006. Denver had a 50 percent jump, from 644 estimated visits to 778; Phoenix saw a 49 percent rise, from 460 to 725. In New York City, such ER visits were up 35 percent, from 899 to 1,211. San Diego had the highest increase: 139 percent, from 183 visits to 438.
Here’s some good news: Kids today report feeling more connected to their parents than those in the last few generations. According to J. David Hawkins, PhD, of the University of Washington Social Development Research Group and developer of Guiding Good Choices, parents have a much greater influence on their kids than they think.
“All the research shows that parents really do continue to be a very influential force in kids’ lives all the way through to college,” said Hawkins, who spoke at a March 23 parenting forum called “Keeping Track of Teens” at Eckstein Middle School in North Seattle. He encouraged parents to set clear guidelines about things like underage drinking and make those known to your kids.
His Guiding Good Choices curriculum teaches parents the importance of forming strong bonds with their kids by interacting with them on a regular basis, setting clear standards, providing the opportunities and skills to be successful, and recognizing efforts for improvement and achievement.
“[Our kids] will feel emotionally attached and connected to us, which creates the motivation to live by the standards set by our family,” explained Hawkins. “It’s important to keep the bonds strong.”
Carolyn Bernhard is the co-chair of a coalition of parents and community members in Northeast Seattle called Prevention Works in Seattle. The coalition hosted the recent parenting forum at Eckstein, where Bernhard’s 14-year-old daughter attends school. She saw how much a part of the high school culture alcohol was when her 21-year-old daughter was that age. “I’ve been involved [in the coalition] from the beginning. It gave me a way to try to change that culture,” she said.
The emphasis is on the middle school years. “If we can get parents and kids to understand the benefits of not drinking, we can make a difference at the high school and college level,” she said. “With the work we’re doing in middle school, my hope is that there will be a core group of kids who get to high school and choose not to drink, and still be cool.”
It goes on to say: And stress can have negative effects on physiological and psychological well-being -- effects that often manifest themselves in poor decision-making. Including the use of alcohol or marijuana.
Since the article was written by Stephen Wallace, I checked out his website. He is the national chairman of SADD (Students Against Destructive Decisions) so I re-visited their website, as well. Their Teens Today page has links to many studies having to do with teenagers and the decisions they make.
One that I found particularly interesting has to do with providing teenagers with positive risk-taking opportunities. Here's what I cut and pasted:
The Teens Today 2004 research identified three broad categories of positive risk-taking.
- Life Risks
- Social – e.g. joining a club or group
- Emotional – e.g. asking someone on a date or sharing feelings with friends
- Physical – e.g. rock climbing
- School Risks
- Academic – e.g. taking an advanced placement course
- Athletic – e.g. trying out for a sports team
- Extracurricular – e.g. running for student council
- Community Risks
- Volunteering – e.g. helping the elderly or homeless
- Mentoring – e.g. working with younger children
- Leading – e.g. starting a business or charity
What Does This Mean for Families and Friends?
Both middle school (52 percent) and high school (42 percent) teens are most likely to say their parents do the most to positively influence them to challenge themselves, followed closely by their friends (29 percent in middle school and 36 percent in high school). These findings are consistent with past Teens Today studies that have shown that parents and peers have tremendous influence on teen behavior. For example, teens who report regular, open communication with their parents about important issues say they are more likely to try to live up to their parents’ expectations and less likely to drink, use drugs, or engage in early sexual behavior.
Parents and peers can help teens to take positive risks by:
- Modeling inclusive social behavior and coaching peer-to-peer social skills;
- Identifying and discussing emotional reactions to issues or events;
- Encouraging focus on academics and consideration of higher level courses;
- Supporting club or activity membership and/or athletic participation; and
- Involving family and friends in community-service project(s).
Here's an excerpt from the article:
Advocates might like to believe that their arguments about the public-health benefits of raising the price of alcoholic beverages are finally getting through to policymakers. "People see this mostly as a revenue source; however, some are talking about the health arguments," said CSPI's Hacker.
Practicality also may be playing a role, he added: "It might be occurring to legislators that there's not much more they can squeeze out of tobacco." Many states -- including those where the tobacco industry has traditionally held sway -- have hiked tobacco taxes to raise badly needed revenues. Until very recently, however, corresponding hikes in "sin taxes" on alcohol have been quite rare.
"Twenty-five states haven't raised their alcohol taxes in 20 years," according to Hacker. "It is a source of revenue for states that has been long overlooked, and there's a substantial evidence base suggesting that higher prices and taxes will reduce alcohol-related harms and costs. And, it is a natural source of funding for alcohol and other drug treatment and prevention."
Recent research reviews led by Alexander Wagenaar, Ph.D., and published in the American Journal of Public Health concluded that raising alcohol taxes cuts alcohol consumption and is among the most effective way to reduce alcohol-related disease mortality.